While Herschel is a wonderful instrument and delivering great results, we can’t achieve our science goals without other observations. I’m currently at Mauna Kea working on followup observations with the Sub-Millimetre Array of sources detected by Herschel. This observing run is just a small part of the large campaign of ground-based observations needed by the large Herschel surveys to find out what’s really going on in the sources we’ve detected.
For the large galaxy surveys I’m involved with among the many things we need to do are to pin down the positions of the sources seen by Herschel, so that we can find counterparts at other wavelengths, obtain spectroscopy in the optical or other bands to measure the redshifts of the sources and to determine the relative importance of star formation or black hole accretion in powering them, get higher resolution images of the sources in the submillimetre so that we can better understand the relationship between dust emission and what’s seen at other wavelengths, and get better, deeper images in the optical and near infrared so that we can see how the stars are distributed in these objects.
The observations from the SMA are steps forward on submm imaging and obtaining better positions.
One of the nice things about observing at the SMA is that the control room has an oxygen enriched atmosphere, so that most of the effects of altitude can be avoided. You can read more about the overall experience of an observing trip to Mauna Kea here in an article I wrote a while back for Clarkesworld magazine.